Ananova (2000a) Blind Antarctic Explorer in high spirits, http://ananova.co.uk/news/story/sm_125505.html.
Ananova (2000b) AOL to adapt software for blind people, (no longer available online).
Arditi, A. (1999) Effective colour contrast, http://www.lighthouse.org/color_contrast.htm.
Brookman, J. (2000) Teamwork brings gift of sight, Times Higher Education Supplement, 21 July.
BSI (2000) Blind Sailors International, http://www.blindsailing.org/.
Carvel, J. (2000) Minister of sound, The Guardian, 25 May.
Challis, B. P. & Edwards, A. D. N. (2000) Good tactile diagrams can look bad, Abstract, International Conference on Tactile Diagrams, Maps and Pictures, October, University of Hertfordshire, http://www.nctd.org.uk/Conference/Conf2000/Conf2000_Proceedings.htm.
Chalkley, B. & Waterfield, J. (2001) Providing Learning Support for Students with Dyslexia and Hidden Disabilities Undertaking Fieldwork and Related Activities (Cheltenham: Geography Discipline Network).
Chong, C. (1997) Microsoft takes a big step backward, http://www.nfb.org/bm/bm97/Bm971202.htm.
Chong, C. (2000) Web accessibility: making your Web site accessible to the blind, http://18.104.22.168/tech/webacc.htm.
Clark, G. & Higgitt, M. (1997) Geography and lifelong learning: a report on a survey of geography graduates, Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 21(2), pp.199-213.
Clark, G. & Wareham, T. (2001) Providing Learning Support for d/Deaf Students Undertaking Fieldwork and Related Activities (Cheltenham: Geography Discipline Network).
Clark, J. (no date) Flash access: unclear on the concept, http://www.alistapart.com/stories/unclear/article.html.
Diamond, M. (2000) Public transport entitlements for blind and vision impaired people throughout Australia, http://www.bca.org.au/news0005.htm#_Toc480607420.
DRC (Disability Rights Commission) (2000) DRC disability briefing: November 2000, (no longer available online)
DSS (Department of Social Security) (1998) First Findings from the Disability Follow-up to the Family Resources Survey.
Earl, C. & Leventhal, J.(1999) A survey of Windows screen reader users: results and recommendations, http://www.csun.edu/cod/conf/1999/proceedings/session0052.htm.
Edman, P.K. (1992) Tactile Graphics (New York: American Foundation for the Blind).
Edwards, A. D. N. (Ed.) (1995) The rise of the graphical user interface, http://www.rit.edu/~easi/itd/itdv02n4/article3.html.
Employers Forum (2000) Information: Disability in the UK, http://www.employers-forum.co.uk/www/guests/info/disability.htm.
Fisher, P. F. (1994) Hearing the reliability in classified remotely sensed images, Cartography and Geographic Information Systems, 21, pp.31-36.
Foulke, E. (1986) Report of the Working Group on Mobility Aids for the Visually Impaired and Blind, http://www.ulib.org/webRoot/Books/National_Academy_Press_Books/mobility_aids/mobility.htm.
Gardiner, V. & Anwar, N. (2001) Providing Learning Support for Students with Mobility Impairments Undertaking Fieldwork and Related Activities (Cheltenham: Geography Discipline Network).
Golledge, R., Loomis, J., Klatzky, R., Flury, A. & Yang, X-L. (1991) Designing a personal guidance system to aid navigation without sight: progress on the GIS component, International Journal of Geographical Information Systems, 5, pp.373-396.
Guardian (2000a) Website 'discriminated against blind', The Guardian, 28 August.
Guardian (2000b) Musical key to 'sight' for blind, The Guardian, 22 September.
Guardian (2000c) Help them to see, The Guardian, 21 November.
GVU (1998) GVU's WWW User Surveys: Disability, http://www.gvu.gatech.edu/user_surveys/survey-1998-10/graphs/general/q12.htm.
Hall, T., Harrison, M. & Healey, M. (2001) The experience of academic departments and disability units in providing learning support for students undertaking fieldwork and related activities: reports on surveys (Cheltenham: Geography Discipline Network).
Healey, M., Jenkins, A., Leach, J. & Roberts, C. (2001) Issues in Providing Learning Support for Students Undertaking Fieldwork and Related Activities (Cheltenham: Geography Discipline Network).
HESA (2000) First Year UK Domiciled HE Students by Level of Study, Mode of Study, Gender and Disability 1998/99.
Heyes, T. (no date, a) Electronic travel aids - why bother? http://www.users.bigpond.net.au/heyes/pa/quest.html.
Heyes, T. (no date, b) The Sonic Pathfinder: an electronic travel aid for the vision impaired, http://www.users.bigpond.net.au/heyes/pa/pf_blerb.html.
Hess, R. (2000) Can color-blind users see your site?, msdn.microsoft.com/library/en-us/dn_voices_hess/html/hess10092000.asp.
Hinton, R. (1994/5) Tactile Graphics in Education (Edinburgh: Moray House Publications).
HMSO (1998) Human Rights Act (London: HMSO).
IBSA (2000) International Blind Sports Federation, http://www.ibsa.es/.
Iowa (2000) How does a screen reader work?, http://www.blind.state.ia.us/access/how.htm.
Kaczmarek, K. A. (1991) Electrocutaneous and vibratactile displays for sensory substitution systems, IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, 38(1), pp.pp.1-16.
Keeler, R. (2000) IBM's talking Web browser allows blind and visually impaired people to do e-business, http://www.research.ibm.com/resources/news/20001026_talk_browser.shtml.
Loomis, J., Golledge, R. & Klatzky, R. (1998) Navigation system for the blind: auditory display modes and guidance, Presence- Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 17, pp.193-203.
Lowney, G.(1998) But can they read it? http://www.empowermentzone.com/coloracc.txt.
Maguire, S. (1998) Gender differences in attitudes towards undergraduate fieldwork, Area, 30(3), pp.207-214.
Mann, K. (1999) Disabilities and their characteristics, http://www.wmin.ac.uk/ccpd/uow/dict.htm.
Marek, B. (2000) Making sense of spatial relations: tactile graphics for first time users, Abstract, International Conference on Tactile Diagrams, Maps and Pictures, October, University of Hertfordshire, http://www.nctd.org.uk/Conference/Conf2000/Conf2000_Proceedings.htm.
McLuhan, M. (1967) The Gutenberg Galaxy (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul).
McKendrick, J. H. & Mooney, E. (2001) Teaching geography to non-geographers at Glasgow Caledonian University, Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 25(2), pp.249-260.
Meijer, P. (2000) Sensory substitution, http://www.visualprosthesis.com/sensub.htm.
Microsoft (2000) New MSN Explorer provides the most accessible online experience, http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/press/2000/Oct00/ExplorerAccessPR.asp.
Morley, S. (1995) Window Concepts: an introductory guide for visually disabled users (London: RNIB).
National Library for the Blind (NLBUK) (no date) The number of visually impaired people in higher and further education, http://www.nlbuk.org/download/viphe.doc.
NFB (2000a) Ama Dablam 2000 NFB expedition, http://www.nfb.org/amadablam.htm.
NFB (2000b) Blindness Statistics, http://www.nfb.org/stats.htm.
Nielson, J. (2000) Designing Web Usability: The Practice of Simplicity (Indianapolis: New Riders Publishing)
Petrie, H. & Gill, J. (1993) Current research on graphical user interfaces for visually disabled computer users, European Journal of Special Needs Education, 8(2), pp.153-156.
QAA (1999) Code of Practice for the Assurance of Academic Quality and Standards in Higher Education, Section 3: Students with Disabilities (Gloucester: QAA). Available at http://www.qaa.ac.uk/public/COP/COPswd/contents.htm.
QAA (2000) Code of Practice for the Assurance of Academic Quality and Standards in Higher Education, Section 6: Assessment of Students (Gloucester: QAA). Available at http://www.qaa.ac.uk/public/COP/COPaosfinal/contents.htm.
Rigden, C. (2000) Safe Web colours for colour-deficient vision, http://more.btexact.com/ces/colours/.
RNIB (Royal National Institute for the Blind) (2001) Accessible Web design, http://www.rnib.org.uk/digital/hints.htm.
Rothberg, M. & Wlodkowski, T. (1998) Adapting multimedia software for blind students: choices and challenges, Paper presented to CSUN 99 Conference, http://www.dinf.ne.jp/doc/english/Us_Eu/conf/csun_99/session0156.html.
Schiff, W. & Foulke, E. (1982) Tactual Perception: a sourcebook (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).
Shams, L. (2000) A visual illusion induced by sound, Abstract 17, 2nd Annual Multisensory Research Conference, 6-7 October New York, http://www.wfubmc.edu/bgsm/nba/IMRF/meeting00/abstracts.html.
Shaw, S. (2000) TEACHABILITY: Creating an Accessible Curriculum fro Students with Disabilities, University of Strathclyde, http://www.ispn.gcal.ac.uk/teachability/index.html.
Shepherd, I. D. H. (1995) Multi-sensory GIS: mapping out the research frontier, in: Waugh, T. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Spatial Data Handling, pp.356- 410 (London: Taylor & Francis).
Shepherd, I. D. H. (1998) Teaching and Learning Geography with ICT (Cheltenham: GDN).
Shore, D. I., Spence, C. & Klein, R. M. (2000) Prior entry: previous confounds and novel findings using an orthogonal design, Abstract 30, 2nd Annual Multisensory Research Conference, 6-7 October New York, http://www.wfubmc.edu/bgsm/nba/IMRF/meeting00/abstracts.html.
Sight Savers International (2000) Reverse Blindness: the work of restoring vision to the world's needlessly blind, The Guardian supplement.
Silver, P., Bourke, A. & Strehorn, K. (1998) Universal Instruction Design in HE: an approach for inclusion, Equity and Excellence in Education, 31, pp.47-51.
Sortit (2000) Shaping the future survey, http://www.sortit.org.uk/survey.htm.
SSC (Scottish Sensory Centre) (2000a) Visual impairments, http://www.ssc.mhie.ac.uk/VI_Video/N_VIDEO/VINEEDS/VITYPES/VITypLnk.htm.
SSC (Scottish Sensory Centre) (2000b) Video for visually impaired learners, http://www.ssc.mhie.ac.uk/VI_Video/N_VIDEO/Main.htm.
SSC (Scottish Sensory Centre) (2000c) Design issues and approaches, http://www.ssc.mhie.ac.uk/VI_Video/N_VIDEO/NEWOPTS/DESISSUE/Desissue.htm.
SSC (Scottish Sensory Centre) (2000d) Understanding VI learners' needs, http://www.ssc.mhie.ac.uk/VI_Video/N_VIDEO/VINEEDS/VILrnNds.htm.
Tasker, N. (2000) DOTS before your eyes: a tactile map design resource, Abstract, International Conference on Tactile Diagrams, Maps and Pictures, October, University of Hertfordshire, http://www.nctd.org.uk/Conference/Conf2000/Conf2000_Proceedings.htm.
UMNDS (University of Minnesota Disability Services) (2000) Vision Impairments, http://disserv3.stu.umn.edu/AG-S/3-1.html.
Ungar, S. (2000) How do you read a tactile map?, Abstract, International Conference on Tactile Diagrams, Maps and Pictures, October, University of Hertfordshire, http://www.nctd.org.uk/Conference/Conf2000/Conf2000_Proceedings.htm.
Valkenburg, D. van & Kubovy, D. (2000) Auditory and visual objects, Abstract 53, 2nd Annual Multisensory Research Conference, 6-7 October New York, http://www.wfubmc.edu/bgsm/nba/IMRF/meeting00/abstracts.html.
Warren, D. & Strelow, E. (Eds.) (1985) Electronic Spatial Sensing for the Blind, NATO ASI series.
WHO (World Health Organisation) (2000) ICIDH-2 International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (Geneva: World Health Organisation)
Williams, G. J. (1998) Vision, reading and computer users, http://www.webword.com/interviews/williams.html.
The Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness contains regular contributions on all aspects of visual impairment and blindness, including reports on developments in assistive technology.
Page updated 2 October 2002
GDN pages maintained by Phil Gravestock
© Geography Discipline Network/authors, 2001
ISBN: 1 86174 115 4