Journal of Geography Abstracts 1995

Marcello, J.S. (1995) 94(4), pp.453-458.
Arbona, S.L. & Hunter, J.M. (1995) 94(6). pp.558-569.
Proctor, J.D., Sutton, P.C. & Michaels, G.H. (1995) 94(6). pp.571-577.
Sui, D.Z. (1995) 94(6), pp.578-591.
Lee,J.A. (1995) 94(6). pp.592-598.

 


Marcello, J.S. (1995) Geography in Alaska: Holding the Standards High.  Journal of Geography, 94(4), pp.453-458.

ABSTRACT

In 1992, the State of Alaska Department of Education embarked on a standards-writing process as part of its Alaska 2000 reform effort. Supported by a Frameworks Grant from the U.S. Department of Education, standards were written in geography, government/civics, and history during 1993 and 1994. This article highlights an extensive statewide public consensus process used to generate the Alaska 2000 Geography Standards, which were modeled after Geography for Life: National Geographic Standards 1994.

Key words: Standards, curriculum, reform, implementation, frameworks.

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Arbona, S.L. & Hunter, J.M. (1995) Economic Development Threatens Groundwater in Puerto Rico: Results of a Field Study. Journal of Geography, 94(6). pp.558-569.

ABSTRACT:

This report addresses the question of groundwater quality in a context of economic development and heterogeneous land use. Seven wells, each actively producing for the public water supply, and together providing 37 percent of the total aquifer production of four municipios, were tested in three topographic basins. Major land use categories, including agriculture, urbanization, and industry, were identified throughout the basins.Well samples were drawn three times during a six-month period and analyzed for a set of 15 water quality parameters including biological indicators. The most common pollutants detected were heavy metals, nitrate, arsenic, and semivolatile organic compounds. Wells surrounded by agricultural and commercial activities were contaminated by nitrate, mercury, lead, and phthalates. Wells in mixed residential and industrial settings had concentrations of semivolatile organic compounds and lead. The presence of noxious chemicals in the public water supply, even in relatively small amounts, threatens the viability of the groundwater reservoir. Both operational and policy aspects of water quality should be discussed in the context of urban and economic development.

Key words: land use, groundwater, pollution, Puerto Rico.

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Proctor, J.D., Sutton, P.C. & Michaels, G.H. (1995) Multimedia Guided Writing Modules for Introductory Human Geography. Journal of Geography, 94(6). pp.571-577.

ABSTRACT:

This article describes a pilot project initiated in the fall term of 1993 that implemented and tested an interactive system of multimedia computer learning modules for an introductory human geography course. Modules actively involved students in learning and collaborative writing about topics illustrative of the breadth of contemporary human geography. Evaluation was achieved by means of analysis of student essays, electronic logs of student time spent in various portions of the system, and a comprehensive survey administered to students at the end of the term. This information suggests that the use of interactive multimedia lab modules can greatly enrich the learning environment for a wide range of students taking introductory human geography courses, though careful attention must be paid to ensure ease of use. The modules are now being refined based on these results; our hope is to make them available to other geography departments in the near future.

Key words: geography education, introductory human geography, computer-aided instruction, multimedia, HyperCard.

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Sui, D.Z. (1995) A Pedagogic Framework to Link GIS to the Intellectual Core of Geography. Journal of Geography, 94(6), pp.578-591.

ABSTRACT:

This paper aims to develop a new pedagogic framework for teaching GIS at the college and university level using Berry's geographic matrix. By synthesizing different schools of thought, this paper argues that GIS education essentially involves two aspects-how to teach about GIS and how to teach with GIS. Berry's geographic matrix can be used to tie these dual aspects of GIS education together neatly. As an abstract representation of geographical phenomena, the geographic matrix embeds all three entities of GIS-location, attribute, time-and thus can help GIS instructors teach about GIS. As a synthesis of geographical approaches, the geographic matrix can assist GIS instructors teach with GIS. This paper demonstrates that GIS is actually an implementation of Berry's geographic matrix. Furthermore, the 10 approaches to geographical analysis, originally proposed by Berry for the geographic matrix, can be executed routinely in a GIS environment. By incorporating Berry's geographic matrix into GIS education, teachers can enable students to surpass technical issues and to appreciate the conceptual and functional linkages between GIS and geography' s intellectual core.

Key words: GIS, geographic education, geographic matrix.

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Lee,J.A. (1995) The International System of Units and Its Use in Geography and Related Disciplines. Journal of Geography, 94(6). pp.592-598.

ABSTRACT:

This paper introduces college-level geography students to the International System of Units (SI), which is a standardized set of units used in science, engineering, and commerce. The system is based on seven base units from which all other units are derived. There are precise rules for using and writing SI units which should be followed, as proper use of SI in geography and related disciplines facilitates communication and reduces wasted effort at converting units.

Key words: International System of Units, SI, metric system, geography.

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The GDN would like to thank the Journal of Geography for allowing us to reproduce abstracts from the journal.

Created by Claire Reid.
Page created 8th December 1999.
Last updated 11th May 2000.